Insights that

What are R&D Tax Credits and How Do They Work?

R&D tax credits were enacted to stimulate innovation and research investment in the United States. The stimulus provides material non-dilutive capital to companies that improves their cash flow through reduced federal and state taxes. Furthermore, companies can claim R&D tax credits each year, thus creating a significant reduction to future years’ federal and state tax […]

How to Capture R&D Tax Credits Beyond Wages – Qualified Supplies

To stimulate research investment in the United States, Congress initially provisioned a general business tax credit under Internal Revenue Code section 41 in conjunction with The Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981. Although the most substantial investment in research and development is a company’s people (and subsequently their wages), the supplies they use to create, […]

Capture up to 65% of Contract Research Expenses – R&D Tax Credit

A contract research expense is paid or incurred for the performance of qualified research to the extent it is paid or incurred pursuant to an agreement that (i) is entered into prior to the performance of the qualified research, (ii) provides research be performed on behalf of the taxpayer (taxpayer retains substantial rights to the […]

R&D Tax Credit: What are the Trade or Business Requirements?

Taxpayers must be engaged in carrying on a trade or business for in-house research expenses or contract research expenses to qualify for R&D tax credit consideration.  This is an issue that bears consideration as start-up companies pursue R&D tax credits. The “trade or business” and “in carrying on” requirements for research credit purposes are generally […]

“Substantially All” Test: Little Sandy Coal Co. Inc. V. Commissioner Summary

Taxpayers must meet the process of experimentation “substantially all” test for each R&D project. In the case of Little Sandy Coal Co. Inc. v. Commissioner, the court held a taxpayer was not entitled to the R&D tax credit for activities related to the development of a tanker and a dry dock.  The court determined the […]

R&D Tax Credits and Qualification Requirements: Case of Siemer Milling Company V. Commissioner Summary

Taxpayers should be able to document how an R7d project meets all qualification requirements In the case of Siemer Milling Company v. Commissioner, the court held a taxpayer engaged in the business of milling and selling wheat flour was not entitled to the R&D tax credit.  The court examined seven projects, all related to the […]

Retaining Substantial Rights to Research for R&D Tax Credits: Case of Tangel V. Commissioner

Taxpayers must retain substantial rights to research results to claim R&D tax credits In the case of Tangel v. Commissioner, the court held the taxpayer was not entitled to the R&D tax credit because it did not retain substantial rights to the research it performed.  The court analyzed the terms and conditions of the contract […]